Types of Roof Damage

Roof DamageWind, hail and snow—oh, my! There are many types of damage your roof may face, and the culprits vary depending on where you live. The most common types of shingle are asphalt, which are created from fiberglass or organic materials and then coated with tiny metallic granules to provide UV protection. Asphalt shingles are available in a plethora of styles, colors and sizes, but they can be damaged in severe weather. It’s important to repair or replace damaged shingles before something more serious happens (like a roof leak).

It can be tough to tell what kind of damage the roof has endured, but there are different “symptoms” for the various assailants. For example, hail damage often looks like a bruise. It can knock off the granules to reveal the underlying fiberglass or other materials below. In severe cases, hail can cause cracking, holes or completely knock off the shingle. If it’s not addressed quickly, water damage can lead to rot and ultimately cause a roof to collapse.

Wind damage is a little easier to spot—oftentimes, strong winds knock shingles off altogether. It’s not uncommon for entire sections to go missing if you live in an area prone to windstorms. If you have another type of roof, such as metal or slate, they can split, tear and of course also go missing.

When the Sky is Falling

It’s not always weather alone that causes roof damage. Sometimes debris or tree limbs “attack” a roof, leading to structural damage. It’s tempting to climb onto the roof and remove these intruders, but that’s a risky job. A smarter move is to let roofing professionals deal with damage, but homeowners can grab some binoculars and check for damage from the safety of their yard.

Keep an eye out for any missing, cracked, bruised, dented or broken shingles, and of course leaks in the ceiling/roof. If you notice granules in downspouts or gutters, that’s a residual effect of roof damage. Vents, flashing or gutters that are dented are also a cry for help. Obviously, when a storm rolls in, your home’s exterior is most vulnerable. Any holes, breaks, discoloration, chipping or dings can be a tell-tale sign that more severe damage is lurking below the surface.

What to Do

After each storm has passed, scan the roof with binoculars for damage or (if you’re up for it) use a ladder to assess the damage a little closer. However, never walk on a roof—leave that to the professionals. Live in an area with temperate weather year-round? You should still scan your roof bi-annually for any damage just in case.

Take care of your roof and it’ll take care of you. It can weather storms pretty well, but every now and then it needs a checkup to keep you and your possessions safe and sound. Wise homeowners schedule a bi-annual inspection with Knockout Roofing to ensure everything’s in order and to safeguard themselves before the next storm hits.